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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The corresponding author and other authors (if any) have understood the publication ethics in this journal and willing to comply with it.
  • The author(s) is the copyright holder of the published article under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Author Guidelines


The editor of INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, SOCIAL, AND HUMANITIES accepting the high-quality scientific manuscript from research report in the field of Economics, Social and Humanities studies, both theories and practices written in English. The manuscript is the author's original scientific work and is not the result of plagiarism.

The manuscript is typed with Microsoft Office Word® according to the journal template provided. The manuscript contains a minimum 3000 words (not including bibliography) and is typed in documents with A4 paper size. The author is required to use the article template provided by the editor on the journal website.


(1) Title: The title of the manuscript is written short and no more than 15 words in the English versions. The title is written informative and illustrates the main content of the writing. The editor suggested that the authors compose titles that can attract reading interest.


(2) Author Name: Write the author names without a title followed by his/her affiliation. Affiliation is the origin of the faculty and university for those who come from academic institutions. The affiliation can be the name of the institution for writers from non-academic institutions. All authors who contributed to the article included their email address. The editor suggested the author also include scholar profile links such as ORCID and Scopus (if any). The more complete the author's information submitted on the article will make it easier for the writer to connect to the manuscript online.


(3) Abstract: Write the abstracts in English, each with a maximum of 180 words. The abstract contains briefly the main contents of the writing, including background, objectives, method, and the results obtained from the research. Provide a short theory review as the research background. Write the main procedures used for the activity, including the observational and analytical methods. Summarize the main achievements, including specific impact on practice, policy and or theory. In addition, the author can mention the related prior researches to measure the contribution of the activities to science.


(4) Keywords: The keywords or phrases are an essential part of abstracts. The author sets 5-8 specific keywords and reflects what is important about the article. Examples of keywords could include theoretical concepts, methods, geographical areas. Keywords are separated with a semicolon (;). The author is required to align the Title, Abstract, and Keywords in the manuscript.


(5) Contents: The contents of the manuscript contain the parts of the Introduction, Method of Application, Results and Achievement of the Goals, Conclusions, Acknowledgments, and References. Make sure the contents of the manuscript, except for the Acknowledgements section, do not contain the personal identities or affiliations of the author(s).



The introduction section contains theoretical background, problem formulation, and the objectives. This section must be supported by the theoretical background which serves as a support to the concept of the research. The theoretical knowledge contains previous theories as to the basis of research. The manuscript is required to present primary literature studies (references to journal articles and conference proceedings) and up-to-date (references published within the last five years). This literature will be used to provide state of the art of the manuscript. In the context of research, the theory that should be used primarily is the theory related research variable and the research problem. Other related theories are needed to solve the research problem and delivered after the theory of the theory are discussed. Enrich this introduction with the efforts that have been made by other parties. After the theories are mentioned and discussed, the manuscript needs to form a problem that shows why this manuscript is essential and describe the existing gaps. The author is required to write the purpose of the manuscript at the end of the introduction section.

Literature Review
Literature review provides an analysis and generalization of relevant works (papers, monographs, reports, theses, etc.), which describe the essence of the problem and/or give an understanding on the previous efforts to solve it. The Literature Review should comply with the aim of the research (“fitness for purpose”) and represent the results of critical analysis of the analytical base for testing the research hypothesis.
Literature review must not be limited only by works, which were published in the country where the author lives and works (the problem should be studied globally). Particularly it concerns the authors from non-English speaking countries (they are recommended to thoroughly analyze the works published in English).
If appropriate, normative legal acts are also analyzed.
Only those sources are given and analyzed in the paper, which really are valuable for the author’s research. The author cannot just make long lists of authors and their works, which are related to the investigated issues. The author cannot take the pieces of review text from other works with reference to other authors and include their works in the list of references. When citing, the author is obliged to observe ethical and moral principles.
While making literature review, the author can use own publications and refer to them, but only in order to describe the problem, but not to increase the citation level.
It is recommended to finish the literature review with the presentation of unsolved issues, identification of contradictions in the results and findings of the previous researches, justification of the need to continue the studies in this area and choice of the specific topic (direction) of this study.


At the methods section, describe clearly and concisely the method used to achieve the goals that have been set forth in the research. The results of that research must be measurable and the author is asked to explain the measurement tools used. Manuscript is required to explain how to measure the reseach variables.


Result should be clear and concise. This section should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combine Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

These activities must be able to provide an added value to the community, both in economic activities, policies, and behaviour changes (social). This part describes what the research service activity has been able to provide change for individuals/communities and institutions, both short and long term. In this section, describe how operations are carried out to achieve the objectives. Explain the indicators of objectives achievement and the benchmarks used to state the success of the activities that have been carried out. Express the strengths and weaknesses of the outcome or the main focus of the action in accordance as it seen on the conditions of the community. Explain also the level of difficulty of the implementation, the production of goods, and the opportunities for future development.

Here the interpretation of the results obtained during the research is made. A comparison is made with the results obtained by other researchers.


The manuscript can conclude the main result in this part, but do not repeat the explanation that has been told in the previous sections. The drawing of conclusions is based on new findings which are presented accurately and deeply. New findings can be in the form of rules, methods, models, technology, innovation, prototypes, or the equivalent related to the research. The conclusion must define the novelty, the benefit for practice, policy and theoretical contribution of manuscript.

 Acknowledgements (if necessary)

This section must be written if the institution funds the research that produces this paper. In this section, the author expresses his/her gratitude to the funding agency. And if necessary, the author can also state other institutions that contribute to the research. The author can write down the contract number or document number of the cooperation agreement with partners.


(6) Table and Figure: Tables and figures are part of the manuscript and are not separated from the body of the paper. Put tables and figures in a place that fits the narration so that they complete the description. Number the tables and figures according to the order in which they appear on the text. Give the title of each table and figure. The images included in the manuscript must be of high quality. The figure does not stand alone and must be part of the paper. Please note that the figure is not documentation that is not related to the discussion of the manuscript. Make sure the manuscript does not display pictures that show the identity or information related to the authors.

The printed version is printed in black and white, and the author should adjust the picture according to the conditions. Examples of laying and naming pictures can be seen here.


(7) References: For good quality articles, editors require authors to use primary references (journals) with a composition of at least 80% compared to other references in the bibliography. Authors are asked to use the most recent works published in the last ten years. This journal does not use footnotes in the body of the manuscript, all sources of literature follow the rules of writing citation and bibliography.

Starting in 2019, the citation format in the manuscript and bibliography display at the INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, SOCIAL, AND HUMANITIES follows the American Physicological Association (APA). More complete, the author can learn the writing in the APA Format Citation Guide or can follow the instructions below.

All citations in the text must be included in the references, and all references must be mentioned in the text. Check the reference list against literature citations in the text before submitting the manuscript for publication. Ensure that working papers and in-press articles have not been published before submitting your work. For proper reference management, the editor recommends that the writer use a reference management application such as MendeleyEndNoteZotero, or Microsoft Office Word Citations & Bibliography. And the most important, make sure that all of the references have complete elements (proper author name, date, title, publisher, volume, issue, DOI or URL, etc.) to be tracked down to the source. 



Instructions of Citation and Writing APA Format Bibliography

In-text citation

The in-text citation must match what is written in the references list. This citation is followed by or ends the sentence or phrase quoted from the source. The manuscript cites by including the author's last name followed by the year the article was quoted.

One Author: If the author's full name is Almasdi Syahza, then the writing of the citation on the manuscript becomes:

  • Syahza (2002) stated … or
  • … (Syahza, 2002)

The structure of the above writing can be used depending on the arrangement of sentences in the manuscript. The page number in the citation in the paper does not need to be written.

Two Authors: Writing a quote with two authors, the names of the first and second authors are linked with the words 'and' as in the following example:

  • Syahza and Nasrul (2003) said that …… or
  • …… (Syahza & Nasrul, 2003);

Three, Four, or More Authors: In quoting, only the first author's last name is written, followed by et al. as the following:

  • Irianti et al. (2019) …… or …… (Irianti et al., 2019)

Citing a Group or Organisation: For the first cite, the full name of the group must be used. Subsequently this can be shortened. For example:

  • First cite: (Food and Agriculture Organization, 2019)
  • Further cite: (FAO, 2019)

No Authors or Unknown Authors: If the author is unknown, the first few words of the reference should be used. This is usually the title of the source.

  • If this is the title of a book, periodical, brochure or report, is should be italicised: (Teknologi hidroponik, 2019)
  • If this is the title of an article, chapter or web page, it should be in quotation marks: (“Reference Management”, 2017)

Citing Authors with Multiple Works from One Year: Works should be cited with a, b, c etc following the date. These letters are assigned within the reference list, which is sorted alphabetically by the surname of the first author. For example:

  • … (Syahza, 2017a). … (Syahza, 2017b).

Citing Multiple Works in One Parentheses: If these works are by the same author, the surname is stated once followed by the dates in order chronologically:

  • Syahza (2015, 2017a, 2017b, 2019) …
  • … (Syahza, 2015, 2017a, 2017b, 2019).
  • If these works are by multiple authors, then the references are ordered alphabetically by the first author separated by a semicolon as follows: … (Jones, 2008; Freeman, 2009; Syahza, 2019).

Citing a Secondary Source: Lorde (1980) as cited in Syahza (2019) … or … (Lorde, 1980, as cited in Syahza, 2019).

Reference Writing in Bibliography

All the references must be mentioned in the text and must be written with complete information. Author name(s), journal or book title, article or chapter title, year of publication, volume, issue (where appropriate), and page numbers are essential components. The addition of DOI numbers if available is recommended but not essential. The core components of writing a Bibliography for journal articles using the APA format are as follows:

Author’s surname, initials. (date published). Title. Journal name, volume number(issue number), pages. DOI or URL

The writing of the author's name starts from the last name followed by the initials of the first name, separated by commas and closed with a period, for example, the author with the name Almasdi Syahza becomes "Syahza, A.", the author with three-word names such as Muhammad Nur Mustafa becomes "Mustafa, M. N.", while the author's name with one word like Hapsoh is enough to type "Hapsoh". If the three names of the authors in one library source become "Syahza, A., Mustafa, M. N., & Hapsoh".

The APA format writing varies considerably based on the type of reference cited in the manuscript. Here are some examples of writing.

 Journal article:

Savitri, E., Andreas., Syahza, A., Gumanti, T. A., Abdullah, N. H. N. 2020. Corporate Government Mechanism and Financial Performance: Role of Earnings Management. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 7(4), 3395 – 3409. http://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2020.7.4(54)

Syahza, A., Asmit, B. Rosnita. (2019). Development of Palm Oil Sector and Future Challenge in Riau Province, Indonesia. International of Science and Technology Policy Management, 11(2), 149-170. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-07-2018-0073

Fitri, E., Savitri, E., & L, A. (2019). Influence of Foreign Ownership, Ownership Concentrated, and Environmental Disclosure to Firm Value. Indonesian Journal of Economics, Social, and Humanities1(2), 91-96. https://doi.org/10.31258/ijesh.1.2.91-96 


Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Chapter or Section in the Book:

O’Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men’s and women’s gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107–123). New York: Springer.

Dissertation and Thesis:

Suwetwattanakul, C. (2010). Developing a knowledge sharing model for the implementation of the learning organization in Thailand (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Zarei, R. (2017). Developing enhanced classification methods for ECG and EEG signals [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Victoria University.


Bown, J. (2019, December 17). How charity apps may be making us more generous. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50572939


Jaeger, J. (2010, August). Social media use in the financial industry. Compliance Week, 54

News paper:

Meier, B. (2013, January 1). Energy drinks promise edge, but experts say proof is scant. New York Times, p. 1. http://www.nytimes.com

Article Presented at the Conference (unpublished):

Evans, A. C., Jr., Garbarino, J., Bocanegra, E., Kinscherff, R. T., & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8–11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States.

Article published in the Proceedings:

For online proceedings/conferences/symposia replace the publisher's name and location with the DOI address. If there is no DOI, you can use the URL.

Novak, D., & Verber, D. (2015). Assessment of the influence caused by random events within a real-time strategy game engine on a game bot gameplay [Conference presentation]. The 8th Annual International Conference on Computer Games, Multimedia and Allied Technology. https://doi.org/10.5176/2251-1679_CGAT15.27

Proceedings of the conference published in book form (ISBN) following the writing of a book reference.

Blakey, N., Guinea, S., & Saghafi, F. (2017). Transforming undergraduate nursing curriculum by aligning models of clinical reasoning through simulation. In R. Walker, & S. Bedford (Eds.), HERDSA 2017 Conference: Research and Development in Higher Education: Curriculum Transformation (pp. 25-37). Hammondville, NSW: Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia.

While conference articles which are published in journals or in periodicals such as conference series, reference writing follows the way of writing journal article references.


Guidelines for Manuscript Submissions

Manuscripts for publication are written in English and following the writing guidelines. Editors will not accept documents that do not comply with this provision.

INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, SOCIAL, AND HUMANITIES has used the management of scientific manuscript publishing based on the Open Journal System (OJS). Manuscripts received by editors in latest Microsoft Office Word® format (*.docx). Author needs to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process. The author can also watch the tutorial video How to submit the manuscript in OJS 3.0.

Manuscripts that have passed selection from the editorial board will then go through a peer-review process. The authors are allowed to revise their article if there are suggestions for improvement from editors and reviewers. The manuscript will be published in the journal after it is declared eligible to be published by the editorial board.

For further information related to the technical submission of the manuscript, you can contact the editor via email ijesh@ejournal.unri.ac.id

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